Archiv der Kategorie 'Polen'

Compensation for victims of forced sterilization raised at OSCE event on Roma

Speaking at the Human Dimension Implementation Meeting in Warsaw on 1 October, two Romani civil society members raised the urgent issue of the Czech Government’s decision not to compensate the victims of forced sterilizations, human rights abuses that have taken place over the course of decades in the former Czechoslovakia and its successor states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, including into the 21st century. Karolina Mirga of the Ternype network raised the issue as well as the continued presence of an industrial pig farm on the site of a former concentration camp for Roma at Lety in the Czech Republic.

Marek Szilvasi of ERRC dedicated his entire remarks to the issue of compensating the victims of forced sterilization, noting that the Czech Government’s rejection of the bill means that „hundreds of Romani women are going to remain without compensation for this human rights violation.“ Szilvasi urged both the Czech and Slovak Governments to immediately begin developing proper compensation schemes and the Czech Government especially to reconsider its decision.

Archived video of the session on 1 October 2016 is available here (remarks at 2:30). Today’s closing session is being broadcast live here.

On 30 September participants raised the issue of police brutality toward Roma and Sinti communities throughout the 57-state OSCE region. Speakers emphasized that negative stereotypes about Roma are widespread among law enforcement and lead to discrimination in policing.

„The police play an important role in ensuring the protection and promotion of human rights,“ said Mirjam Karoly, ODIHR Senior Advisor on Roma and Sinti Issues. „Therefore, investment in improving trust and confidence among the police and Roma and Sinti communities is crucial to combating racism and discrimination.“

Repressive police practices and a lack of effective investigation and prosecution of crimes against Roma create deep distrust among Roma and Sinti towards the criminal justice system in general. „Criminal cases against police representatives suspected of violence against Roma remain under investigation for very long periods of time, which blatantly violates the standards set by the European Court of Human Rights, related to the duty of the state authorities to conduct thorough and effective investigation within a reasonable time,“ said Oana Taba of the Romanian NGO Romani Criss.

„Investigations in such cases can be flawed, very often lacking the racial motivation of the perpetrator,“ Taba noted. Participants also discussed recent police operations targeting Roma and Sinti and their communities.

„The inhabitants of the concerned areas, mostly Roma, were intimidated and harassed by the practice of raid-like joint control activities in segregated Roma settlements by local government authorities in co-ordination with local police,“ said Szalayné Sándor, Deputy Commissioner for Fundamental Rights of Hungary. „These practices are incompatible with the principle of the rule of law and the requirement of legal certainty.“

Source: Romea.cz
Date: 02.10.2015

Remembering the Sinti and Roma of Auschwitz

On August 2, 1944, Nazis liquidated the concentration camp’s Gypsy section

At twilight on the evening of Aug. 2, 1944, big, wood-sided trucks arrived at the Gypsy family camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. The prisoners were given sausage and a piece of bread and told that they were being taken to another camp. At first, the trucks drove off in a different direction from the gas chambers and crematoria, but as they doubled back toward the killing factories, the Gypsies began to struggle and fight the guards. “Betrayal!” they screamed. “Murder!”

A Hungarian Jew who heard the clamor from a nearby barrack later said that the memory made her blood run cold. “We heard yelling, German orders, the ever, ever-present German Shepherd dogs barking,” she recalled. “And then, screaming. I never, ever forget that screaming. Terrible screams. They must have known.”

On that August night, Nazis liquidated the Gypsy camp, killing nearly 3,000 Roma and Sinti—the two major groups of European Gypsies—in the gas chambers of Birkenau. They were women and men, elderly people and children, many of whom had been victims of Nazi medical experiments and forced sterilization. Their deaths were among the 20,000 Roma and Sinti who perished at Auschwitz—but a fraction of the hundreds of thousands murdered by the Nazis in mass killings and concentration camps. (mehr…)

Ahead of the 70th anniversary of the “Gypsy camp” liquidation at Auschwitz-Birkenau, OSCE/ODIHR Director calls for leaders to speak out against anti-Roma rhetoric, scapegoating

Michael Georg Link, Director of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), speaking ahead of Saturday’s 70th anniversary of the liquidation of the “Zigeunerlager”, or “Gypsy Camp”, at Auschwitz-Birkenau called today on political leaders not only to refrain from scapegoating Roma and Sinti communities, but also to speak out against racist rhetoric in public discourse that can fuel anti-Roma sentiment in society.

“Seventy years after the liquidation of the so-called ‘Zigeunerlager’, where some 23,000 Roma and Sinti were murdered, public discourse still perpetuates old negative stereotypes against these people,” Link said. “In a number of countries in the OSCE region Roma are portrayed as criminals or social outsiders. The crucial role of the media in constructing and perpetuating these negative images has recently been confirmed by a comprehensive study in Germany. These stereotypes must be countered, both to bring justice to the victims of the Roma and Sinti genocide, and to create a better future for Roma today.”

Link underlined the important role of leadership in combatting these attitudes.

“Public figures, and particularly politicians, have a responsibility to lead by example and publicly condemn racist speech targeting Roma and Sinti,” the ODIHR Director said. “The authorities in OSCE participating States should also work to promote non-discriminatory portrayals of Roma and their communities, in order to prevent the perpetuation of negative stereotypes in the media.”

As mandated by the 2003 OSCE Action Plan on Roma and Sinti, ODIHR promotes the official recognition and teaching about the experience of Roma and Sinti during the Holocaust.

“Teaching about the past and the tragedy of the Roma under the Nazi regime is one key to a better understanding their present situation,” Link said. “Roma and Sinti have long suffered from racism and discrimination, and understanding this history is necessary to promote a more tolerant, inclusive society for all.”

Earlier this year, on 2 June, ODIHR hosted an expert meeting on teaching about the Roma and Sinti genocide in the OSCE area, and will publish a report on the subject later this year.

Source: OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Date: 01.08.2014

Anti-Roma-Texte auf Studentenfestival in Poznan


Geht es um die Verteidigung der Meinungsfreiheit oder um die Gewährung von Rassismus?

Über eine Band, die am 24. Mai auf der Juwenalia (Studententage) in Poznan (Posen) spielen wird, ist ein Streit zwischen der Gazeta Wyborcza und den studentischen Ausrichtern entbrannt.

„Und habe ich Dir nicht gesagt, mein Liebling, treibe doch bitte den Zigeuner ab“, singt die Disco-Polo Kappelle „Bracia Figo Fagot“, die sich seit 2010 mit launig-vulgären Texten und Disco-Folk eine treue Fangemeinde erspielt hatte.

Vertreter der Roma in Polen sowie einige Professoren der Universität Poznan schrieben einen Protestbrief an das Rektorat und die studentischen Organisatoren. „Ob sie es wollen oder nicht – wir treten auf“, so konterte die Band auf ihrem Facebook-Profil.

Das Rektorat will die Entscheidung den Studenten überlassen und diese wittern eine Kampagne der Zeitung Gazeta Wyborcza, die über die Proteste erstmal berichtete. Die Organisatoren halten an dem Aufrtritt fest, da sie die Texte für einen Bestandteil der polnischen Kultur des Absurden ansehen, der von dem studentischen Publikum richtig interpretiert werden könne.

Es seien schon lange Bands mit provokanten Texten aufgetreten, doch dies habe die Zeitung bislang nicht interessiert. Vielmehr wären die Medien aktuell an einem Bild des unkultivierten Studentenlebens interessiert. Die Organisatoren haben jedoch die Band gebeten, das Wort „Student“ mit dem Wort „Zigeuner“ zu vertauschen. Ihr Pressesprecher verteidigte das Auftreten der Band auch mit dem Hinweis, dass man nicht mehr in den Zeiten der Volksrepublik lebe.

Anna Markowska, Sprecherin der örtlichen Roma-Vereinigung „Bahtale Roma“ glaubt, dass solche Texte zu „Aggression und Aufruhr“ führen können. Der zuständige Wojewode (in etwa Ministerpräsident) Piotr Florek hat heute sein Patronat für das Musikfestival zurück gezogen.

In Polen leben mehrere Gruppen, man geht von 35.000 Sprechern der Roma-Dialekte aus. Fast ein Drittel der Roma-Kinder nehmen nicht am Schulunterricht teil, in der polnischen Bevölkerung wird die Minderheit zumeist als Bettler und Musiker wahr genommen.

Die Gazeta Wyborcza, die Zeitung, die ursprünglich aus der Solidarnosc-Bewegung entstand, veröffentlichte kürzlich mehrere Artikel, die sich mit der Situation der Roma in Polen befassten. So ist derzeit ein Roma-Lager in Wroclaw (Breslau) von der Zwangsräumung bedroht. Die Zeitung wird für ihre kampagnenhafte, sehr engagierte Berichterstattung immer wieder von konservativen Polen kritisiert.

Quelle: Heise.de
Stand: 17.05.2013

16. Mai 1944: Aufstand im Zigeunerlager

Am 16. Mai 1944 erblickt im sogenannten Zigeunerlager von Auschwitz Birkenau ein Kind das Licht der Welt: Edmund Weiss. Auch am Tag zuvor wird dort ein Junge geboren: Oskar Broschinski. Doch die beiden Jungen haben keine Überlebenschance. Mager, klein, untergewichtig – sie bräuchten besondere Fürsorge, aber im „Zigeunerlager“ gibt es kaum Nahrung für sie: Ihre Mütter sind selbst halb verhungert und dem Tode nahe. Es ist, wie für alle Neugeborenen im Zigeunerlager, eine Frage von Stunden, Tagen, höchstens Wochen bis zu ihrem Tod. (mehr…)

Roma minority attacked with Molotov cocktails

Roma inhabitants of the village of Krosnica, southern Poland, near the Slovak border, have called for monitoring on their estate, after an assault involving Molotov cocktails last Friday.

The incident occurred at about 10 pm on Friday night, when two flaming bottles of petrol landed on property belonging to members of the Roma community.
One bottle fell onto grass and the flames quickly petered out. The second landed on the roof of a house, and the inhabitants swiftly extinguished the flames.
No one was injured in the assault.
Police believe that the crime was carried out by someone driving through the village.
Roma inhabitants of Krosnica told the Gazeta Krakowska daily that they are regularly intimidated by drivers, whether it be with empty cans or stones.
However, this is the first time that a home-made bomb has been used.
“Up until now its just been stones and insults that have been thrown at us,” said one resident.
“But now, if someone wants to go as far as to set us alight, we‘ve reason to fear for our lives.”
The resident underlined that the Roma community did not suspect other inhabitants of the village.
“They‘re good people, we manage to get along with them,” they said.

In January this year Roma from the western city of Poznan complained that they were being banned from bars and clubs simply because they were members of the Roma community. Prosecutors opened an investigation after local authorities and the Interior Ministry became involved to solve what Roma said was a case of “blatant racism”

Quelle: Polskie Radio
Stand: 26.10.2011