Archiv der Kategorie 'Sonst in Europa'

The Dom: Syria’s Invisible Refugees

More than 70,000 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands left homeless by the civil war in Syria, spreading misery among all of the nation’s ethnic and religious groups. But one ethnic minority has undergone more than its share of suffering — both during the current fighting and for centuries preceding it — and few outside of Syria know much about it. The group is known as the Dom and it has been a presence in Syria since before the Ottoman Empire. Often mislabeled by the pejorative “gypsies,” the Dom get their name from their language, Domari, means “man.” They have joined the exodus of Christian, Muslim and other Syrians refugees into Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and beyond. But wherever they go, they generally face a less than warm welcome. As one source told VOA, „They are the most despised people in the Middle East.“

Who are the Dom?

Misunderstood and complicated, Dom have been present in the Middle East for at least a thousand years. Most information about them is gleaned from their language, Domari, an Indic variation. It is similar to Romani, the language of the European Roma, suggesting their common roots in India. Both Roma and Domari are peppered with words borrowed from other languages, reflecting their history of migration through Iran and elsewhere. Beyond that, little of their origin is known—or agreed upon by scholars. During the Ottoman period, Dom migrated freely throughout the Middle East as “commercial” nomads, providing services to communities wherever they settled. The fall of the Ottoman Empire following World War I led to the formation of nation states with proper borders, which greatly curtailed Dom movements. Locals in Syria, as elsewhere in the region, call the Dom Nawar — a word likely derived from “fire,” referring to their traditional work as blacksmiths. But over the years, the word “Nawar” has evolved into a pejorative, connoting someone who is uneducated and uncivilized. They also differentiate Dom by the region in which they live and the work they perform. In Aleppo and Idlib, the Dom are called Qurbat and work as blacksmiths or untrained dentists. The so-called Riyass live in Homs and Hama, where they sell handicrafts or entertain at parties. Dom women, dubbed Hajiyat, might dance in Damascus nightclubs, beg or tell fortunes.

The numbers

It is almost impossible to estimate Syria’s Dom population, as they often conceal their identity out of fear of being stigmatized. SIL International’s Ethnologue estimates 37,000 Syrian Dom speak Domari, alongside Arabic.But the Syrian newspaper, Kassioun, reported twice that number in 2010. Kemal Vural Tarlan is a photographer, documentarian, writer and activist who focuses, he says, on those who live on the sidelines of society, chiefly Dom and Roma. He also authors the Middle East Gypsies website. He says Dom are viewed as outsiders and intruders, therefore they are almost universally discriminated against. So they often hide their ethnic backgrounds through what they call the skill of “invisibility,” which helps them move into and out of communities. “The official Dom population could be much higher than estimated, because so many Dom describe themselves as Kurdish, Arab or Turkmen,” Tarlan said. Whatever the number, he says more Dom live in Syria than anywhere else in the Middle East.

Dom refugees in Turkey

Turkey has been home to “gypsies” since Byzantine times, and in 2005 the UNHCR estimated a Roma/Dom population of 500,000. Kemal Tarlan has spent much time in recent weeks near the border documenting the influx of Dom from Syria. He believes as many as 10,000 to 20,000 Dom have settled in southern Turkish towns such as Kilis, Gazientep and Şanlıurfa. “İnitially, some were able to register in proper refugee camps,” Tarlan said, “but now they cannot get into camps, because they are full.” Some Dom have gone to live with families in the cities. Those with no place to go live as nomads in tents. Tarlan says they receive little assistance from the government, so in order to survive, they beg or work in the fields. “But the majority are unemployed,” he said, and this has given rise to local tensions. Recently, after citizens of Şanlıurfa started to complain about a rise in petty theft, Turkish authorites dismantled and burned a makeshift tent city. The media referred to the campers as “Syrians.” But Tarlan says most were Dom.

Into Lebanon

With Beirut only about 65 miles away, many Dom from Damascus have fled into Lebanon. Catherine Mourtada is co-founder of Tahaddi (“Challenge”), a non-governmental assistance group that serves Beirut’s underprivileged, many of whom are Dom. “They are excluded from the normal school systems, either because they don’t meet admission requirements or because public schools are full. „So they come to our place,” Mourtada said. Mourtada has seen increasing numbers of Dom from Syria, looking to stay with their Lebanese relatives. “Already, they are very poor, and now they must welcome other very poor members of their family coming from Syria, so it is very hard for them.They are all living in dire conditions,” she said. “They can’t find any work except for recycling things from the garbage dump, like aluminum or iron or cardboard, just to be able to survive.” In some cases, Beirut Dom are forced turn their Syrian relatives away. “So they have to find a room somewhere to rent. They are lucky if they can get a bathroom or running water,” Mourtada said. Because there are no official refugee camps in Lebanon like those built in Jordan and Turkey, Mourtada says Dom have begun to settled in tent cities in the Bekaa Valley.

Into Jordan

In 1999, Amoun Sleem founded the Domari Society of Gypsies, a cultural and educational center in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Shu’fat. Herself a Dom, she says she has first-hand experience with discrimination, cultural marginalization and poverty that most Dom face as a result of illiteracy. “Whenever disaster strikes in the Middle East, no one gives a thought to how it will impact the Dom,” she said. Sleem says she has received word that many Dom refugees are living at or near the Zaatari camp in Mafraq, Jordan. She has been trying to get a permit to visit the camp, but has run into a lot of red tape.In the meantime, she is trying to encourage Jordanian Dom families to host the refugees. “It’s not very easy,” she said, “but if it could happen, it would be a very good thing.”

Source: Voa News
Date: 03.12.2018

Syria’s Gypsy refugees find sanctuary in an Istanbul ghetto – but for how long?

In Tarlabaşı, Istanbul’s oldest slum, a tiny community centre offers a crucial place of safety and support for the shunned Syrian Dom community. But as the city gentrifies, there are fears these refugees may become victims once again

On the north-western corner of Istanbul’s famous Taksim Square, a small gang of children dart through the traffic, tapping on car windows and trying to catch the attention of passers-by to sell bottles of water. These Syrian Gypsy children from a community known as the Dom are in many ways the forgotten faces of the Middle East crisis, which has left an estimated 26,000 refugee children homeless across Europe. The Dom speak a separate language which traces back to the Indian subcontinent; even in times of peace they have always existed on the fringes of society, and are used to facing almost universal discrimination.Before war broke out, there were up to 300,000 Dom living in Syria. Now many live on the streets of Istanbul’s ghettos, part of the approximately 366,000 Syrian refugees seeking a new life in the Turkish city. Many reside in Tarlabaşı, Istanbul’s oldest slum. It is just a few streets from the ornate splendour of İstiklal Caddesi, the nearby avenue of sultans that once saw Istanbul dubbed “the Paris of the East”. But life in Tarlabaşı is very different: it has become known as a haven for Istanbul’s minority communities of migrants, Gypsies, transsexuals, prostitutes, and the outcasts of society.

Even here, however, the Dom children are despised. Other Syrian refugees and local Turks refuse to associate with them. When asked why, Ilyas, a shopkeeper who asked for his full name to not be used when speaking about the Dom, simply comments: “It is a prejudice, yes. I can’t explain it though. I just don’t like their complexion.” But one organisation is trying to help. Based in a tiny flat of no more than 70 sq metres, Tarlabaşı Toplum Merkezi (TTM) is a non-profit community centre started a decade ago by Istanbul Bilgi University’s Centre for Migration Research, and initially funded by the European Union. Run by four full-time employees and a small army of volunteer teachers, lawyers and even musicians, it provides educational support, psychological and legal counselling for nearly 5,000 children and 3,000 adults in Tarlabaşı. It exists as a place of safety and comfort; a way out from the deprivation and crime which pervades this sector of Istanbul.

For hundreds of years, Tarlabaşı’s narrow, winding streets were a peaceful home to non-Muslim diplomats and later Greek merchants who served the business district around İstiklal Caddesi. But as religious tensions rose through the mid-20th century, the Turkish government launched organised pogroms targeting non-Muslims in the city – the most notorious of which was the Turkish Kristallnacht of September 1955. In the ensuing violence, homes and shops were looted and destroyed. Over the following decades, those abandoned buildings were gradually filled by Gypsies known locally as “Roman”, and by refugees fleeing the Turkish-Kurdish civil war in the late 1980s. The construction of a six-lane boulevard which segregated the neighbourhood from Istanbul’s wealthy tourist district sealed Tarlabaşı’s fate. “Violence, drug issues and prostitution is definitely more visible here than anywhere else in the city,” says Ebru Ergün, a psychologist who has worked at the centre for the past five years. “The boulevard is one of the causes of that. It intensified the stigma surrounding this area and made it into a slum.”

Many of the children of Tarlabaşı fail to complete primary school before ending up as beggars or labourers, relying on state-run social services that provide little more than free lunches and sacks of coal. The Dom children, though, don’t even make it as far as school. “They live in awful conditions,” says Ceren Suntekin, a social worker at the centre. “They mostly beg or sell things near the tourist districts, and the police are quite violent towards them as they don’t suit the image that Istanbul is trying to create. The Roman mostly collect garbage on the street, sell flowers, or play music at clubs. They struggle to break out of this life because when they go to school, teachers discriminate against them and they don’t have the environment to study in when they come back home.” The TTM centre provides Turkish lessons to children and adults alike, so Tarlabaşı’s many Syrian and Kurdish residents can find jobs, earn a living, or even continue in education. Hasan Kizillar, 19, grew up in the local Roman community but learnt to play the violin, piano and other instruments in the centre’s orchestra. Now he works as a volunteer himself, teaching music to children, while preparing to study finance at Istanbul University. “He came from a very poor family,” Ergün says. “But like many Roman children, he was highly talented. We’re also slowly making progress with persuading families to allow girls to be educated, and running classes on literacy and gender equality.”

Most importantly of all, the centre is a place where those in trouble can seek help. Domestic abuse cases are commonplace in Tarlabaşı, and Ergün describes the centre’s recent attempts to aid a family of migrants where the mother and her two daughters had been beaten and sexually abused by the father for many years. “They were coming to us regularly,” she says. “We tried for a long time to persuade the mother to go to a shelter, and eventually she did. We found her a lawyer and now her husband is arrested and the children are safe. We’ve helped the woman find a job as her husband hadn’t allowed her to work; now she’s no longer dependent, we hope it will be a better life for them.” But this support network may not exist for much longer. Tarlabaşı is undergoing considerable change. Over the past few years, Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan has outlined an infrastructure agenda worth in the region of $100bn, and Tarlabaşı has been earmarked for urban transformation. Billboards depicting future visions of the neighbourhood – chic young couples strolling past modern apartments, retail outlets and hotels – are strewn outside the many ongoing building projects. Many of the dilapidated 19th-century buildings that have served as homes for Istanbul’s poorest, meanwhile, are rapidly being demolished. When forced out, the inhabitants often receive a fraction of the market price.

Issam Saade, a 51-year-old Kurdish waiter who has lived in Tarlabaşı since the mid-90s, explains that after years of fighting to stay, he was evicted last autumn following a court order. “There is more money coming into Tarlabaşı but not for the people who live here now,” Saade says. Two years ago, Istanbul’s rapidly escalating rents almost saw the TTM centre close down, but with the help of donations from the US, UK, Sweden and Holland, its work has been able to continue – for the moment. “Because of the gentrification process taking place here to attract tourists, the state wants the refugees and migrants who live in Tarlabaşı to move away,” Ergün says. “Many of them have nowhere to go, but the state doesn’t care about that. “They will have to move to wherever they can afford, and when they go, we will have to go too. We hope we can follow them to a new location and continue to help. Our centre is one of the few places where it’s safe for children from these communities to play, and where women can discuss their problems. There’s nowhere else providing that.” And what about the very poorest of all, the Dom children who beg on the streets of Taksim Square, where will they go? “We don’t really know. And I don’t think they know either.”

Source: The Guardian
Date: 03.12.2018

Romani Child Shot Dead in Bulgaria

A Romani child was shot and killed at approximately 13:00 on Tuesday October 9th 2018, in Montana, Bulgaria. The 17-year-old boy named Goszko was collecting hay with his grandfather when a man fired his weapon multiple times at the boy. The boy died shortly afterwards from his wounds.

“I heard a shot, and the child fell into the cart,” recounted his grandfather. “The horse became frightened and started to run, but I held him back…I saw the shooter, he was targeting me as well. I had seen him before in the woods and he had threatened us then. Some time ago, he also threatened to kill another [person] with a pipe.”

A 38-year-old man has been arrested and is being detained by law enforcement. The suspect is the owner of the property where the boy and his grandfather were gathering firewood. (The police also found dozens of cannabis plants nearby. An unlicensed, illegal firearm was found in the man’s car. Other unlawful weapons and ammunition were also found in later searches.)

This is not the first time that Roma have been shot or killed while collecting firewood or hay. Just last year, a 24-year-old Romani man was shot dead in Breaza, Romania by police officers whilst collecting firewood in the forest. In Bulgaria, this has become all too common an occurrence in recent years.

Last year, a Romani father from Bohot was beaten to death by police while he and his son were out collecting firewood. Officers claimed the action was a result of the Romani men resisting arrest and being in possession of stolen pesticides. Although many areas of Bulgaria have agreements that firewood can be collected from the forests providing tools are not used to harvest it, this often has little bearing on the decision to open fire on Roma ‚caught‘ harvesting wood. An inordinate number of Roma seem to die in Bulgaria’s forests, usually at the hands of police, forest rangers, or local landowners taking violent action against Roma collecting wood, whether it is being harvested legally or illegally.

In 2003, a spate of shootings left many Roma who had been trying to collect wood from the forests either dead or wounded around the country. In February 2003, Severin Sabev Aleksandrov, a 25-year-old Romani man, was shot for collecting firewood in a forest near Vetovo in northern Bulgaria. Forest rangers also shot Emil Tinkov, a 17-year-old Romani boy, in the shoulder as he was leaving the Kumanitsa forest near Krivodol in northwestern Bulgaria. The next month, 28-year-old Angel Simeonov was killed in March 2003 near the town of Samokov with no charges being brought against the perpetrator. The same month, around 10 police officers and forest rangers brutally beat and shot three Romani men in the forest near Lukovit in northern Bulgaria. A day later, a private security guard shot Ivan Anastasiev Ralev, an 8-year-old Romani boy, who was collecting scrap wood to burn in the town of Burgas. He survived but his family refused to press the investigation further for fear of repercussions from the security company who they were neighbours with.

The forests in Bulgaria have become a place where people seem to take the law into their own hands and frontier justice decides whether Roma live or die. This most recent murder of a Romani boy must be investigated properly by law enforcement, and the potential for racial motivation to the killing must be considered. The ERRC and its Bulgarian partners are further investigating the killing and are in contact with the boy’s family.

Source: ERRC
Date: 26.10.2018

Czech politicians respond to President’s antigypsyism: He divides us so we won‘t unite against him

Some other Czech politicians have begun to respond to Czech President Miloš Zeman’s remarks about Romani people avoiding work – remarks which prompted Romani people all over Europe to post photographs of themselves at work to Facebook. „When my son Nick was born, my Romani friends came to visit all the way from Ostrava to give him a medallion of the Madonna. They call me frequently to see whether I might have a job or work for them, to ask how I am, to tell me how they are. They‘re business people. Miloš, what the hell have you ever done for them and who gave you the right to insult them like this? former Czech Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek (Civic Democratic Party – ODS) tweeted. Czech Senator Jiří Dienstbier (Czech Social Democratic Party – ČSSD) tweeted the following: „You can choke on hatred, but you can‘t eat it. Mr Zeman is playing a transparent game. He offers one group grudges against the Roma, another his grudges against journalists, and somebody else some grudges against Praguers – you can see for yourself what else he is dishing up. He divides us so we won‘t unite against him.“

Miroslav Kalousek, the chair of the TOP 09 party, called the President’s remarks „absolutely hideous and unacceptable“. „That would have been hideous even if it had been said by somebody in a fourth-class pub. When the President of the republic, who is meant to be a President for all citizens, says it, then it is hideous and unacceptable,“ he told news server iDNES.cz. Czech MP Petr Gazdík (STAN) also disagrees with Zeman’s remarks, as do Czech MP Marian Jurečka (Christian Democrats – KDU-ČSL) and Czech MP Miroslava Němcová (ODS). „A President is meant to unite people, not divide them. His remarks divide society,“ Gazdík told iDNES.cz. „As has been demonstrated, there is a big part of the Romani community here who do honest work. A politician should do his best to be a person who integrates these people in a positive way. He should do his best to make sure these people get a high-quality education and work,“ Gazdík said. „I do not like how the head of state is speaking about some of the citizens of this country. I comprehend that some people here have had bad experiences with some Romani people, but I decidedly reject tarring all of them with the same brush,“ Němcová said.

Czech MP Jiří Dolejš (Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia – KSČM) tweeted statistics about Romani employment captioned as follows: „Not only is he insulting them, it’s drivel.“ Pavel Fischer, a recent Senate candidate, said of Zeman that „He is dredging up the mud from the very bottom of our society! The President of the republic has made his remarks about journalists and Romani people – the autumn season has begun. There is nothing left to do but to put on our boots and rubber gloves and get our our brushes and buckets. The 100th anniversary of the republic deserves a more elegant style.“ Zeman’s first remarks in this latest series were a nostalgic reminiscence about the communist era and insinuated that without external compulsion, Romani people do not „want to work“. After casting his own ballot in this weekend’s elections, he reiterated the false allegation that „90 %“ of Romani people are unemployed in the country while speaking to Czech Television’s Richard Samko, who is a Romani community member. Monika Mihaličková of the ROMEA organization refuted the President’s claims by demonstrating that according to official statistics, not only do 70 % of Romani people in the country work, but 80 % of the people who collect unemployment benefits are not Romani. Czech sociologist Daniel Prokop then confirmed to the media that Zeman’s claims were completely inaccurate.

Source: Romea.cz
Date: 17.10.18

Wir und die Anderen

Antiziganismus und Populismus in Ungarn

Roma-Mordserie in Ungarn: Ein vergessenes Hassverbrechen

Vor zehn Jahren begann die Roma-Mordserie in Ungarn. Die überlebenden Opfer sind heute nahezu vergessen, die meisten leben im Elend. Keno Verseck hat mit einigen von ihnen gesprochen.

Einst war Éva Kóka ein lebensfroher Mensch. Zusammen mit ihrem Mann Jenö führte sie ein bescheidenes, aber glückliches Leben. Die beiden Eheleute wohnten im Ort Tiszalök in Ostungarn in einem schönen Haus mit Garten. Sie hatten seit Jahrzehnten feste Arbeitsplätze, er in einem Pharmawerk, sie in einer Holzfabrik. Im Ort wie auf der Arbeit waren sie geachtet und geschätzt.

Dann kam der Tag, der alles änderte. Es war der 22. April 2009.

Am Abend dieses Tages trat Jenö Kóka vor die Haustür, um zur Nachtschicht ins nahe gelegene Pharmawerk zu fahren, wo er seit 38 Jahren arbeitete. Plötzlich traf ein Schuss aus einem Gewehr den 54-Jährigen direkt ins Herz, Jenö Kóka war sofort tot. Der Mörder hatte unweit des Hauses in einem Gebüsch gelauert. „An diesem Abend wurde auch mein Leben zerstört“, sagt Éva Kóka. (mehr…)

In Europa erstarkt der Antiziganismus – Hassverbrechen und Sondererfassung

Am 2. August, dem »Roma Holocaust Memorial Day«, wird der Ermordung der Sinti und Roma im Nationalsozialismus gedacht. Doch der Antiziganismus in Europa gehört nicht der Vergangenheit an.

In ganz Europa erstarkt derzeit der Antiziganismus, also der Hass auf Roma. Besonders krass manifestriert er sich seit mehreren Monaten in der Ukraine, wo extrem rechte Milizen regelrecht Jagd auf Roma machen. Brutaler Höhepunkt einer Serie gewalttätiger Übergriffe war die Ermordung eines 24jährigen Rom in Lwiw am 23. Juni während eines nächtlichen Angriffs auf eine Siedlung. Dabei wurden außerdem mehrere Roma, unter ihnen Kinder, schwer verletzt. Immer wieder gibt es schwere antiziganistische Gewalttaten in der Ukraine. Zu einer pogromartigen Vertreibung von Roma aus einem Kiewer Park kam es am 7. Juni. Die Täter, Mitglieder der rechtsextremen Miliz »National Druschyna«, waren mit Hämmern und Äxten bewaffnet – die Miliz besteht unter anderem aus Veteranen des Regiments Asow. Dieses ist einer der etwa 80 paramilitärischen Freiwilligenverbände, die gegen die von Russland unterstützten Separatisten im Osten des Landes kämpfen. (mehr…)

Verdrängter Terror

Vor zehn Jahren begingen ungarische Neonazis mehrere Morde an Roma. Bis heute sind die Hintergründe nicht aufgeklärt

Laszlo Bango konnte sich nicht erklären, warum die Männer auf sein Haus geschossen hatten. Warum der Anschlag ausgerechnet seiner Familie galt. »Ich lebe anständig, gehe nicht stehlen«, gab er als Zeuge vor Gericht an, seine Frau und auch er hätten zu jener Zeit beide gearbeitet. Als hätte er das, was in der Nacht zum 21. Juli 2008 geschah, eher verstanden, wenn er damals ohne Arbeit gewesen wäre.

Vor zehn Jahren begannen in dieser Nacht in dem Dorf Galgagyörk, 50 Kilometer nördlich von Budapest, ungarische Neonazis eine Anschlagserie auf Roma-Familien. Ihr Ziel war, wie es in der später von der Staatsanwaltschaft vorgelegten Anklageschrift heißt, »eine Privatarmee aufzustellen und einen Bürgerkrieg zu entfesseln« – und doch wurden sie nicht für Terrorismus verurteilt, sondern für Mord aus niederen Beweggründen. Insgesamt verübten sie über einen Zeitraum von etwas mehr als einem Jahr neun Anschläge auf Roma, sechs Menschen starben, darunter ein fünfjähriges Kind. Sie schossen 78mal, warfen elf Molotowcocktails und gefährdeten das Leben von 55 Menschen. Am 21. August 2009 wurden die Verdächtigen Arpad Kiss, Istvan Kiss, Zsolt Petö und Istvan Csontos verhaftet, am 6. August 2013 drei der vier Angeklagten in erster Instanz zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt, der vierte erhielt 13 Jahre. Fast acht Jahre nach dem ersten Anschlag wurden die Urteile am 12. Januar 2016 rechtskräftig.

Wie auch im Fall des deutschen »Nationalsozialistischen Untergrunds« (NSU) sind bis heute viele Fragen offen geblieben. Die Fragen ähneln sich, und kaum jemand stellt sie mehr. Woher hatten die Mörder Geld erhalten? Wie groß war ihr Netzwerk? Wer waren ihre Unterstützer? Was wussten die staatlichen Behörden, der ungarische Verfassungsschutz? Was der Militärgeheimdienst? Wie konnte es zu den unzähligen Fehlern bei den Polizeiermittlungen und im Prozess kommen?

»Die individuelle oder gesellschaftliche Aufarbeitung hat nicht stattgefunden«, sagt Jenö Setet im Gespräch mit junge Welt. Setet ist Rom und Aktivist, sein Verein »Idetartozunk« (»Wir gehören hierher«) kämpft unter anderem auch dagegen an, dass die rassistischen Morde in Vergessenheit geraten. Den damals 36jährigen haben die Angriffe auf die Roma vor zehn Jahren stark geprägt. »Die Zeit der Morde war die schlimmste Zeit meines Erwachsenenlebens. Es hat auch früher Diskriminierung und Ablehnung gegeben, von den staatlichen Behörden beispielsweise. Aber es ist etwas ganz anderes, wenn Jagd auf einen gemacht wird, man nicht in Sicherheit ist, wenn man allein wegen seiner ethnischen Herkunft zur Zielscheibe wird.« (mehr…)

Italien: Region Lombardei startet mit Roma-Zählung

„Lega“-Innenminister Salvini hatte sich für „Zählung“ ausgesprochen. Illegale Siedlungen sollen abgerissen werden.

Das Parlament der norditalienischen Lombardei hat Grünes Licht für den Start einer Zählung der in der Region lebenden Roma und Sinti grünes Licht gegeben. Damit wurde der Regionalausschuss beauftragt, die legalen Roma-Siedlungen zu kontrollieren, berichteten italienische Medien. Die illegalen Siedlungen sollen geschlossen werden.

Sozialdemokraten: „Rassistisch“

„Nur mit einer genauen Erfassung der Roma- und Sinti-Siedlungen in der Lombardei können wir Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung illegaler Zustände ergreifen und ein gutes Zusammenleben fördern“, sagte das für die Sicherheit zuständige Mitglied des Regionalausschusses Riccardo De Corato. Die Region Lombardei steht unter der Führung der rechten Lega. Die sozialdemokratische PD bezeichnete die geplante Zählung als „rassistisch und demagogisch“.

Der italienische Innenminister Matteo Salvini hatte sich bereits vor zwei Wochen für eine Zählung von Angehörigen der Roma-Minderheit ausgesprochen, was in Italien für Aufregung gesorgt hatte. Salvini meinte, die Erhebung ermögliche die Ausweisung von Ausländern ohne gültigen Aufenthaltsstatus. Roma mit italienischer Staatsangehörigkeit müsse das Land „leider behalten“, fügte er hinzu.

Der Chef des Koalitionspartners Fünf Sterne, Luigi Di Maio, betonte daraufhin, jeglicher Zensus eines Bevölkerungsteils auf Basis der ethnischen Zugehörigkeit verstoße gegen die Verfassung. Salvini präzisierte schließlich, eine behördliche Erfassung der in Italien lebenden Roma oder eine Registrierung von Fingerabdrücken sei nicht geplant. Ihm gehe es lediglich darum, ein Bild von der Lage in den Roma-Lagern zu gewinnen.

Quelle: Kurier.at
Stand: 15.07.2018

Italien startet umstrittene Roma-Zählung

Das Parlament der norditalienischen Lombardei hat Grünes Licht für den Start einer Zählung der in der Region lebenden Roma und Sinti grünes Licht gegeben. Damit wurde der Regionalausschuss beauftragt, die legalen Roma-Siedlungen zu kontrollieren, berichteten italienische Medien. Die illegalen Siedlungen sollen geschlossen werden.

„Nur mit einer genauen Erfassung der Roma- und Sinti-Siedlungen in der Lombardei können wir Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung illegaler Zustände ergreifen und ein gutes Zusammenleben fördern“, sagte das für die Sicherheit zuständige Mitglied des Regionalausschusses Riccardo De Corato. Die Region Lombardei steht unter der Führung der rechten Lega. Die sozialdemokratische PD bezeichnete die geplante Zählung als „rassistisch und demagogisch“.

Salvini: Erhebung ermöglicht Ausweisung

Der italienische Innenminister Matteo Salvini hatte sich bereits vor zwei Wochen für eine Zählung von Angehörigen der Roma-Minderheit ausgesprochen, was in Italien für Aufregung gesorgt hatte. Salvini meinte, die Erhebung ermögliche die Ausweisung von Ausländern ohne gültigen Aufenthaltsstatus. Roma mit italienischer Staatsangehörigkeit müsse das Land „leider behalten“, fügte er hinzu.

Der Chef des Koalitionspartners Fünf Sterne, Luigi Di Maio, betonte daraufhin, jeglicher Zensus eines Bevölkerungsteils auf Basis der ethnischen Zugehörigkeit verstoße gegen die Verfassung. Salvini präzisierte schließlich, eine behördliche Erfassung der in Italien lebenden Roma oder eine Registrierung von Fingerabdrücken sei nicht geplant. Ihm gehe es lediglich darum, ein Bild von der Lage in den Roma-Lagern zu gewinnen.

Quelle: Wiener Zeitung
Stand: 08.07.2018